SSC English Comprehension Questions #1

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SSC English Comprehension Questions #1
SSCMT76- In the following question, some part of the sentence may have errors. Find out which part of the sentence has an error and select the appropriate option. If the sentence is free from error, select ‘No error’.

Both Teena as well as
(1)/ her mother took part
(2)/ in the marathon conducted in Mumbai on Monday.
(3)/ No error

  • (1)
  • (2)
  • (3)
  • No error

Solution : The error is in part (a) of the sentence. ‘Both’ is always followed by ‘and’. Therefore, “as well as” should be replaced by “and” in order to make the sentence correct.


SSCMT77- In the following question, some part of the sentence may have errors. Find out which part of the sentence has an error and select the appropriate option. If the sentence is free from error, select ‘No error’.

Out of amused affection
(1)/ for him, no one contradicted
(2)/ against his absurd comments.
(3)/ No error

  • (1)
  • (2)
  • (3)
  • No error

Solution :
The error lies in part (3) of the sentence as the preposition ‘against’ is superfluous with the verb ‘contradicted.’ The word ‘contradict’ itself means ‘assert the opposite of a statement made by (someone)’. So, the preposition “against” should be removed from the sentence in order to make it correct.

For all the rules related to superfluous words, click here.


SSCMT78- In the following question, a sentence is given with a blank to be filled in with an appropriate word. Select the correct alternative out of the four and indicate it by selecting the appropriate option.

The man along with the group _____ captivated by the robbers six days ago.

  • were
  • is
  • was
  • are

Solution :

When two nouns or pronouns are joined by “as well as, along with, together with, with, in addition to, besides etc”, the verb is kept according to the first noun. Since the first noun is “the man” in the above sentence which is singular, so the verb should be singular. Options A and D are eliminated on this basis as they have plural verbs. Now, the sentence talks about an event which is past six days; so, the verb should be of past tense which is given in option C only. Thus, option C is the correct answer.

For all the rules related to the subject-verb agreement, click here.


SSCMT79- In the following question, a sentence is given with a blank to be filled in with an appropriate word. Select the correct alternative out of the four and indicate it by selecting the appropriate option.

Nothing can absolve you _____ all these responsibilities.

  • for
  • at
  • from
  • in

Solution :

The correct preposition that follows the word ‘absolve’ is ‘from’. Thus, option C is the correct answer.

Click here to read some of the most important rules related to prepositions


SSCMT80-

In the following question, out of the four alternatives, select the word similar in meaning to the word given.
Repartee
  • Refusal
  • Celebration
  • Response
  • Quotation

Solution :

Repartee means a quick and witty reply. So, “response” is the correct synonym of the given word. The meanings of the other words are:
Quotation = a phrase or short piece of writing taken from a longer work of literature, poetry, etc
Refusal = an act of refusing to do something
Celebration = a special social event, such as a party, when you celebrate something
Unanimity = agreement by all people involved; consensus.


SSCMT81-

In the following question, out of the four alternatives, select the word similar in meaning to the given word.
Callous
  • Lustful
  • Cordial
  • Inhuman
  • Homely

Solution :

Lustful = having or showing strong feelings of sexual desire
Callous = Inhuman, unkind, cruel, behavior or feeling for other people
Cordial = warm and friendly
Homely = plain or simple but cozy and comfortable
Inhuman = lacking human qualities of compassion and mercy; cruel and barbaric


SSCMT82- In the following question, out of the four alternatives, select the word opposite in meaning to the given word.

Cessation
  • Commencement
  • Renewal
  • Onslaught
  • Interruption

Solution :

Cessation = the fact or process of ending or being brought to an end
Commencement = the beginning of something
Renewal = an instance of resuming something after an interruption
Onslaught = a very powerful attack
Interruption = an occasion when someone or something stops something from happening for a short period


SSCMT83-In the following question, out of the four alternatives, select the word opposite in meaning to the given word.

Garrulous
  • Soft-spoken
  • Reticent
  • Peaceful
  • Kind

Solution :

Garrulous = having the habit of talking a lot
Reticent = inclined to be silent or uncommunicative in speech: reserved
So, both these words are anonymous.


SSCMT84-

In the following question, out of the four alternatives, select the alternative which best expresses the meaning of the Idiom/Phrase.

To talk over

  • To consider a request
  • To discuss a problem
  • To underestimate a problem
  • To forget about something

Solution :

The phrase “talk over” means to discuss a situation or problem with someone. Thus, option B conveys the correct meaning of the idiom.


SSCMT85- In the following question, out of the four alternatives, select the alternative which best expresses the meaning of the Idiom/Phrase.

Going against the grain

  • Doing things contrary to what is usually accepted.
  • Doing things against the wishes of your close relations.
  • Working against the government policies.
  • Doing things which are not liked by anyone.

Solution :

The idiom “going against the grain” means to do things in opposition or contrary to what is generally understood, assumed, practiced, or accepted. Thus, option A is the correct answer.


SSCMT86- Improve the bracketed part of the sentence.

If we can (frighten the elephants off), they will not return and we will be saved.
  • Frighten off the elephants
  • Fright the elephants
  • Frighten off elephants
  • No improvement

Solution :

The use of the phrase is correct in the bracketed part. ‘Frighten someone off’ means to cause (someone or something) to go away or stay away because of fear.


SSCMT87-

Improve the bracketed part of the sentence.
He complained of (having tortured) by the police.
  • having been tortured
  • tortured
  • been tortured
  • No improvement

Solution :

In the sentence, the part after the preposition “of” is in a passive voice. So, the use of “having” alone is incorrect. It must be followed by “been” in order to correct the sentence.


SSCMT88- In the following question, out of the four alternatives, select the alternative which is the best substitute for the phrase.

To make a sharp sound or series of sound as a result of the hard object striking another.
  • Innuendo
  • Clack
  • Swat
  • Wallop

Solution :

Innuendo = a remark or remarks that suggest something sexual or something unpleasant.
Clack = make a sharp sound or series of sounds as a result of a hard object striking another.
Swat = to hit something, especially an insect, with a flat object or your hand.
Wallop = strike or hit very hard


SSCMT89- In the following question, out of the four alternatives, select the alternative which is the best substitute for the phrase.

To trip or momentarily lose one’s balance; almost fall.
  • to toil
  • to stammer
  • to stumble
  • to blunder

Solution :

Toil means to work extremely hard or incessantly.
Stammer means to speak with sudden involuntary pauses and a tendency to repeat the initial letters of words.
Blunder means a stupid or careless mistake.
Stumble means to trip or momentarily lose one’s balance; almost fall.


SSCMT90- In the following question, four words are given out of which one word is incorrectly spelled. Select the incorrectly spelled word.

  • Oscillate
  • Deliberate
  • Enumerate
  • Narrate

Solution :

Option C has the incorrectly spelled word. Its correct spelling is “enumerate” which means to name things separately, one by one. The meanings of the other words are:
Oscillate = to move repeatedly from side to side or up and down between two points
Deliberate = done consciously and intentionally
Narrate = to tell a story, often by reading aloud from a text, or to describe events as they happen


SSCMT91-

In the following question, four words are given out of which one word is incorrectly spelled. Select the incorrectly spelled word.
  • Lamentable
  • Jabbered
  • Conflagration
  • Crestfallen

Solution :

Option C has the incorrectly spelled word. Its correct spelling is “conflagration” which means an extensive fire which destroys a great deal of land or property. The meanings of the other words are:
Lamentable means very bad; deplorable.
Jabbered means to talk in a rapid, excited, and often incomprehensible way.
Crestfallen means sad and disappointed.

SSCMT92- Rearrange the parts of the sentence in the correct order.

1) Although fruits can no longer grow once picked,
P. taking in oxygen and
Q. they continue to respire for some time,
R. giving off carbon dioxide,
S. just as human beings do
6) when they breathe.
  • QPRS
  • SQPR
  • RPQS
  • PRSQ

Solution :

Sentence 1 is best followed by Q as it tells us what happens when the fruits are picked as they no longer grow. Sentence P and R are joined by the conjunction “and”. So, P will be the next sentence after Q and R will follow P. S becomes the last sentence preceding sentence 6. Thus, the correct sequence is QPRS.


SSCMT93- In the following question, a set of labeled sentences is given. Out of the four alternatives, select the most logical order of the sentences to form a coherent paragraph.

1) A man can be physically confined within stone walls.
P. But his mind and spirit will still be free.
Q. Thus, his freedom of action may be restricted.
R. His hopes and aspiration still remain with him.
S. Hence, he will be free spiritually if not physically.
6) No tyranny can intimidate a lover of liberty.

  • PQRS
  • SRQP
  • QPRS
  • QPSR

Solution :

Sentence 1 represents a fact that a man can live behind closed walls. This sentence is contradicted by sentence P which says that the mind and spirit of a person cannot be confined. Q and R continue on the same note where Q supports the first statement while R contradicts it. Sand 6 mention the conclusion of the paragraph. Thus, the correct sequence is PQRS.

SSCMT94-

In the following question, a sentence has been given in Active/Passive Voice. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Passive/Active Voice.
I bought a new shirt last week.
  • A shirts were bought by me last week.
  • A new shirt was bought by me last week.
  • A new shirt was bought by me last week.
  • A new shirt had been bought by me last week.

Solution :

The given sentence is in active form of simple past tense. The structures for active/passive voices are:
Active: Subject + verb (IInd form) + object…
Passive: Object + was/were + verb (IIIrd form) + by + subject…
So, with the help of the above structures, we can convert the given sentence into passive voice:
A new shirt was bought by me last week.


SSCMT95- In the following question, a sentence has been given in Direct/Indirect Speech. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Indirect/Direct Speech.

I said to him, “How do you know this?”
  • I asked him how you knew that.
  • I asked him that how he knew that.
  • I asked him how did he know that.
  • I asked him how he knew that.

Solution :

The spoken sentence is an interrogative sentence. So, “said to” will change to “asked”. Inverted commas will be removed and the question word “how” will work as a conjunction in indirect speech. The tense of the reported speech is simple present which will change to a simple past in indirect speech. We can see that option D follows the above rules; so it is the correct answer.

Common rules to change an interrogative direct speech to indirect speech:

  • Say/Said is changed to ask/asked/wonder/wondered/enquire of/enquired of etc as per the sense of the sentence.
  • Inverted commas (” “) are removed.
  • If the reported speech is in YES/NO question form then if/whether is used before the reported speech.
  • If the reported speech is in the form of WH-Question (who/what/why/how/where/when/which etc), no conjunction is used before the question word. The question word itself works as a conjunction.
  • The reported verb is made assertive; i.e. it is kept in the order of subject + verb.
  • The sign of interrogation (?) is removed and full stop is used.

Common rules for converting direct speech to indirect speech:

  • The words like, this, these, tomorrow, yesterday change to that, those, the next day, the previous day respectively.
  • If the reporting verb is in past tense, we make changes to the reported verb as per the below rule:
  • Simple present tense changes to simple past tense.
  • Present continuous tense changes to past continuous tense.
  • Present perfect tense changes to past perfect tense.
  • Present Perfect continuous tense changes to past perfect continuous tense.
  • Simple past tense changes to past perfect tense.
  • Past continuous tense changes to past perfect continuous tense.
  • No changes are made to past perfect and past perfect continuous tense.

Below are the rules for changing the pronouns correctly:

  • First person pronoun changes according to the subject of reporting speech.
  • Second person pronoun changes according to the object of reporting speech.
  • Third person pronoun does not change in indirect speech.

SSCMT96- In the following passage, some of the words have been left out. Read the passage carefully and select the correct answer out of the four alternatives for the given blanks.

To get desired things, anybody may get stubborn. But that doesn’t mean that you (96) even the things you love and this is very weird that a (97) person like you fights for petty things. On the contrary, you should be active and (98) to accomplish your destination. You should never feel helpless or (99) in the bad times. I have seen many (100) people reaching the zenith of success due to their consistent hard work.

Find the appropriate word in each case.
  • Take
  • Destroy
  • Accept
  • love

Solution :

The sentence structure indicates that the blank should have a word that brings out a negative meaning. Destroy means to end or demolish something and it has a negative meaning. So, it is the most appropriate word to be used in the blank. Hence, option B is the correct answer.

SSCMT97- In the following passage, some of the words have been left out. Read the passage carefully and select the correct answer out of the four alternatives for the given blanks.

To get desired things, anybody may get stubborn. But that doesn’t mean that you (96) even the things you love and this is very weird that a (97) person like you fights for petty things. On the contrary, you should be active and (98) to accomplish your destination. You should never feel helpless or (99) in the bad times. I have seen many (100) people reaching the zenith of success due to their consistent hard work.

Find the appropriate word in each case.
  • Talented
  • Stupid
  • Lazy
  • Stubborn

Solution :

Talented means gifted or a person having the natural aptitude for something. A talented person doesn’t fight for petty things, but for a stupid or a lazy or a stubborn person, to fight is not something weird. This word fits best in the blank according to the context of the passage.

SSCMT98- In the following passage, some of the words have been left out. Read the passage carefully and select the correct answer out of the four alternatives for the given blanks.

To get desired things, anybody may get stubborn. But that doesn’t mean that you (96) even the things you love and this is very weird that a (97) person like you fights for petty things. On the contrary, you should be active and (98) to accomplish your destination. You should never feel helpless or (99) in the bad times. I have seen many (100) people reaching the zenith of success due to their consistent hard work.

Find the appropriate word in each case.
  • relaxed
  • ungracious
  • vigilant
  • pretentious

Solution :

The word in the blank is connected to the word ‘active’ which indicates that the word should be similar in context so as to bring incoherence. Ungracious means someone who is not polite and pretentious means trying to appear or sound more important or clever than you are. Relaxed presents a contrast to the word active; hence it can be eliminated. Vigilant means always being careful to notice things or to be watchful. So, “vigilant” is the most appropriate word to be used in the blank.

SSCMT99- In the following passage, some of the words have been left out. Read the passage carefully and select the correct answer out of the four alternatives for the given blanks.

To get desired things, anybody may get stubborn. But that doesn’t mean that you (96) even the things you love and this is very weird that a (97) person like you fights for petty things. On the contrary, you should be active and (98) to accomplish your destination. You should never feel helpless or (99) in the bad times. I have seen many (100) people reaching the zenith of success due to their consistent hard work.

Find the appropriate word in each case.
  • forlorn
  • exhilarated
  • contented
  • bizarre

Solution :

Forlorn means lonely. To feel exhilarated means to feel excited and happy. Contented means satisfied. Bizarre means weird. The conjunction ‘or’ suggests alternatives or choices; hence the word in the blank should be similar in meaning to ‘helpless’.


SSCMT100- In the following passage, some of the words have been left out. Read the passage carefully and select the correct answer out of the four alternatives for the given blanks.

To get desired things, anybody may get stubborn. But that doesn’t mean that you (96) even the things you love and this is very weird that a (97) person like you fights for petty things. On the contrary, you should be active and (98) to accomplish your destination. You should never feel helpless or (99) in the bad times. I have seen many (100) people reaching the zenith of success due to their consistent hard work.

Find the appropriate word in each case.

  • lethargic
  • industrious
  • gloomy
  • jovial

Solution :

A hardworking person does a lot of work with energy and commitment. The segment ‘consistent hard work’ suggests that the blank should have a word which qualifies for the same. Industrious means hardworking. Lethargic people do not work hard. Gloomy and jovial are related to the states of mood and not hard work. The correct word that needs to be used in the blank is “industrious”.

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